Healthy gums are the perfect accent for your smile. Beyond their aesthetic value, your gums protect your mouth and your body from oral bacteria. Along with creating oral health hazards, these bacteria have been linked to heart and respiratory problems and can create complications if you live with diabetes.
Gum disease can have many causes. Tobacco use and oral hygiene play big roles, and gum disease can accompany hormonal changes. In some cases, genetics may even be to blame. But the biggest factor in gum disease is the accumulation of plaque and tartar on the surfaces of your teeth. As plaque builds up, your gums swell in response, allowing even more plaque to build up below your gumline. In its early stages, gum disease is known as gingivitis. You will notice that your gums are swollen or red and may bleed when brushing or flossing. While gingivitis can be controlled and even reversed, it can lead to a more serious disease called periodontitis if it is not addressed. At this stage, more aggressive treatment will be required.
If you have noticed any of the indicators of gum disease, contact our office. Our dentist can see you to discuss your options for periodontal treatments.